Ok, first, did the old compressor grenade inside? Was the HVAC system scanned for codes? There can be issues with the system that could keep it from cooling that aren't compressor related.
These scroll compressors, when they die, tend to have catastrophic failure.
When the system was opened up, did anyone mention to you that it had "black death", metal contamination, etc.
Along with the compressor, as you found out, the drier must be replaced, which is part of the condenser, replacing the condenser is also a must as it will get clogged with the crap from the old compressor.
The expansion valve should also be changed, if it's restricted. It is NO fun to change.
I just did a CRV, known for exploding compressors. It got the condenser/drier, and I flushed all the lines and the expansion valve. I was lucky that the expansion valve was working, as I had flow through it with proper pressure drop when applying 150 psi of shop air through the valve and evaporator.
When assembling, the evaporator needs to have oil added to it, as well as the condenser prior to installing it. The new compressor should be filled with oil.
Oil amounts and balance are critical for proper cooling and compressor life.
If all is well, once it's charged with about 18oz of R134, (that's the CRV amount, the Accord should be close) the system run, and the pressures should be within tolerances based on outside temp and humidity.
The low side line should be ice cold and sweating, and the high side line to condenser burning hot, and the others moderately hot to the expansion valve.
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